The Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo is Africa's oldest national park and its most biodiverse, home to the world's last mountain gorillas. Since Congo's independence from Belgium in 1960, the park has lived and suffered the country's many upheavals, but always resisted human destruction. Today, its future has been put up for sale. In June 2010, Soco International, a British oil company registered on the London Stock Exchange, was given an oil concession that straddles the park's boundaries, and despite its status as a World Heritage Site, the company has endeavoured to explore for oil in the park.
For two years, I investigated Soco's activities in North Kivu, working alongside a team of filmmakers. Virunga is a feature-length documentary narrating the compelling story of individuals fighting for the region's best chance at peace and development.
M23 - A War in Congo
Triggered by the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide, when Interahamwe militia responsible for the massacre fled into eastern Congo, the conflict in DRC has claimed the lives of over 5 millions people in the last two decades. As many as nine regional countries were involved in what is often referred to as Africa's World War. Although a peace agreement was reached between the opposing parties in 2003, violence has not subsided in the country's eastern region. Supported by Rwanda and Uganda, successive rebellions have wreaked terror across the provinces of North and South Kivu, displacing hundreds of thousands of people and committing horrific crimes.
From the early days of the M23 rebellion in April 2012 to its defeat at the hand of the Congolese army in November 2013, I covered Congo's most recent cycle of violence for The Associated Press, Le Figaro and France 24 among others.
Emerging from the Nuremberg Trials and Europe's strong sense of guilt and bewilderment at the crimes committed during the Second World War, the concept of a global criminal court capable of prosecuting warlords and head of states alike resulted in the creation of the International Criminal Court in 2002. But as the Court makes its first steps, it is facing serious challenges and criticism, notably regarding its focus on Africa. From the Central African Republic to Kenya and Sudan, the ICC's predicament on the continent raises fundamental questions for international justice, and its impact on politics and conflicts.
From 2009 to 2011 I covered the ICC in The Hague for The Institute for War and Peace Reporting, and produced a radio programme on international justice broadcast in eastern Congo.